Arnhem, 18th and 19th century:
More than a century after its brief capture of Arnhem, the French were able to recapture it again from 1795- 1813.
As a result of the French rule, a lot of sugar barons and planters moved to Arnhem from the Indies as they had done in Hague. This resulted in Arnhem also being referred to as “The little Hague of the East”.
Arnhem, 20th century:
20th century saw the World War II being waged from 1939-1945. In 1944, in an effort to end the war early, the bridge on River Rhine became the center of altercation between the German troops on one side and the American, British and Polish troops on the other side.Operation Market Garden
was launched under the command of Lieutenant colonel John D Frost. The American and Polish troops failed to even get close to the bridge guarded by German troops who were stationed in and around the city. The British paratroops though dropped pretty far from the bridge, were the only ones who managed to reach the bridge. Eventually the Britishers offered a truce as most of their soldiers were injured and needed immediate medical attention. The Germans
accepted the truce and the Britishers, though they became the prisoners of war walked proudly to the end of the bridge, and till date the bridge is named after Colonel John Frost.
Once again in April 1945, Arnhem was embroiled in war, but this time it attained liberation at the hands of British 49th infantry Division.
The famous bridge of Arnhem standing today is the third bridge to have been rebuilt at the same spot. The Dutch army destroyed the first bridge in 1940, in an attempt to halt the advancing German army. The second time it was destroyed by the U.S. army air forces during the war of liberation. Today what we see is an almost identical bridge to the first one. After the third construction, in memory of the bravery of the British troops it has been named after leading commanding officer Frost.
More info about the Battle of Arnhem can be found here: Blog 1 Blog 2 Blog 3 Blog 4